Maintenance of Oral health in time of Coronavirus Outbreak.

The Outbreak of Coronavirus disease , has brought the world on its knees. Dentists as healthcare provider are facing a number of challenges in providing complete oral health care.

As you can understand we are supposed to provide only emergency care which means relief in extreme painful conditions by either medication or extractions in rare circumstances.

But we know that not all dental problems can be treated by medications. Cases such as sensitivity, bleeding gums and food lodgement are also very uncomfortable to the patient but do not require immediate attention by a dentist. You can take simple steps at home to manage the progress of your dental problems and keep yourself comfortable till you reach a dental care center.

  • Brush twice daily
  • Use desensitising tooth paste for tooth sensitivity issues
  • Rinse with warm water and a pinch of salt . This can help in reducing slight swelling and mild painful conditions
  • Eat raw fruit at least once a day.
  • Oranges and apples provide anti-oxidants and vitamin C that are good for your gums.
  • Drink at least 6 glasses of water every day.
  • Rinse your mouth after every meal.

Take care of yourself and stay healthy

.

Teeth cleaning and whitening.

First appearances , as all of us know are very important. Keeping your teeth looking clean is one of the most important aspect of your appearance and personality. Along with giving you a beautiful smile, clean teeth will also ensure the longevity of your natural teeth.

Often people are confused between teeth cleaning and whitening. To understand the difference between these two, let us first understand the nature of stains and calculus.

A thin layer of plaque gets deposited on the surface of our teeth in the morning despite brushing once or twice in 24 hours. In people with poor oral hygiene or in some systemic conditions; this plaque hardens to form white /yellow/blackish green deposits called calculus. Continued presence of calculus in oral cavity causes bad odor, bleeding gums, and eventually tooth loss due periodontal disease. This calculus should be removed using an ultrasonic scaler when you visit your dentist at least once a year. This process is called teeth and gum cleaning in simple language. Teeth cleaning also removes certain stains caused due to smoking, tea / coffee consumption etc.

Most of the individuals are born with white / slightly yellowish teeth, depending upon the thickness of enamel which is the outermost layer of teeth or the color of dentin within.

It is possible to make the color of teeth lighter using bleaching also called teeth whitening agents. These teeth whitening systems can be take home/ night time bleach or in dental office system. Some teeth whitening procedures also use lasers.

Teeth cleaning and whitening are two separate procedures but can be performed at the same sitting with your dentist depending upon the time available and the clinical state of the gums.

Keeping your teeth clear of plaque and calculus is a very important step in maintaining a good oral hygiene. This becomes more important in certain systemic conditions like diabetes or cardiac disease.

Please visit your dentist once year for timely detection of any dental problems.

Dental implants: procedure , time required, prognosis.

Dental implants are considered standard procedure for replacement of missing teeth today. However good gum condition and adequate bone support are a prerequisite for a successful implant surgery.

Usually in the first consultation with your dental surgeon, he or she will assess the overall condition of the patient, gum condition and bone density on the region where implant is to be placed.

In many cases tooth which needs to be replaced first requires extraction. Implants can either be placed on the same day as extraction with anyone graft or after a gap of 5 weeks which will allow time for bone regeneration.

Once adequate, strong bone is present,the site is ready for implant. At the implant placement appointment, the dental implant is placed into the bone with help of special tools and drills.

A “healing cap” is then placed over the implant , the gum stitched up and the healing phase begins.

Healing time can be anywhere between 2 to 6 months. During this time implant becomes integrated to the bone.

Implant placement surgery take about 30 to 45 minutes and is done under local anaesthesia. Patient does not feel pain during the surgery. After the effect of anaesthesia wears off, you may feel slight pain which is controlled by medication .

After the surgeon has checked that the implant has integrated into the bone, the healing cap is removed and a prosthetic component is connected to the dental implant via a screw called “abutment” .

The dentist will take an impression (mold) of this abutment in the mouth and will have the implant crown custom-made to fit.

The implant crown is either cemented on secured with a screw to the abutment.

Follow up care is very necessary post implant placement. Excessive biting forces if placed on the implant, can cause inflammation in the surrounding region and eventual loss of implant if left untreated.

Routine maintenance care post implant surgery requires brushing and flossing to keep food debris and plaque away.

Soft and hard calcified deposits are removed during your visit to the dentist. Also dental x-ray of the region where implant is placed is taken. If needed, bite is adjusted to ensure that the implant does not sustain heavy biting forces.

With maintenance of good oral hygiene and regular check-ups to avoid infections most of the implants are successful.

Dental implants: The latest way to replace missing tooth.

Although we have 32 teeth in our oral cavity, each of these are important and loosing even one of these can cause difficulty in chewing food and other associated problems. Latest and the most efficient teeth replacement technique is Dental Implants.

A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jaw bone beneath the gum line. It allows your dentist to mount a replacement teeth or a bridge in that area.

Implants provide stable support for artificial teeth.

Replacement of missing teeth by implants rather than bridge prevents grinding of adjacent teeth and subsequent sensitivity / or need for root canal treatment in them.

In a person having healthy gums and adequate bone support, implant being a success is more than in case of poor gingival condition.

Some of these problems like poor bone density can be overcome by bone grafts.

Meticulous oral hygiene and regular dental visits are critical to long term success of dental implants.

Simple steps to healthy smiles for pregnant females

Pregnancy is a major milestone in a women’s life. It brings immense joy and anticipation for you and your entire family. However it also brings certain changes to the body which are not only limited to weight gain and increasing size of your belly. A woman is blessed with lustrous hair, glowing complexion , a soothing disposition just because she is nurturing a life within herself. The harmonal changes happening during pregnancy, also have some effects on the oral cavity. Bleeding gums and bad breadth or halitosis are some of the most common problems. A few simple habits if cultivated during this time of your joyous journey to mother hood can help in tackling these problems.

Drink plenty of water swish cool water in your mouth.

Clean your tongue regularly , using a tongue cleaner or gauze for back of the tongue.

Keep few fennelseeds or aniseeds handy. These help in fighting halitosis causing bacteria.

Chew fresh sprigs of parsley, basil, mint or cilantro. Chlorophyll in these help neutralize bad odors.

Raw crunchy foods clean the teeth. These include, Apple, carrots, celeries, cranberries.

Apart from this visit your dentist at least twice during your pregnancy for immidiate relief of any problems.

Cleaning of gums and teeth using an ultrasonic scalar at least once during the entire pregnancy is very important.